Periodontal surgery, also known as periodontal treatment, is a procedure used to treat periodontal disease symptoms, such as stopping bone loss and regenerating lost bone where possible. It is done to restore periodontal health and prevent tooth loss, gaps between teeth, bleeding gums, and bad breath.


  • Swollen, reddened, or bleeding gums
  • Teeth loose
  • Stale breath
  • Deep pockets between the gums and the teeth
  • Chewing discomfort
  • Receding or pulling away from your teeth gums

A gum surgery process

Deep cleaning of the gums, which removes the presence of Tartar hand bacteria from the teeth and gums, is required prior to surgery. In the event of bacterial build-up, dentists may choose to perform root planning, which entails smoothing out the surface of the teeth and roots.

The most common surgical procedures are as follows:

Flap Surgery

Periodontal surgery, also known as flap surgery, entails making an incision in the gums to gain access to the deep pockets and remove tartar deposits. When the procedure is finished, the bacterially infected areas are removed, and the gums are stitched back together to fit around the teeth. Patients may require reshaping of the underlying bone in some rare cases.

Bone Grafting

The term “replacement procedure” refers to bone grafting. People who have a damaged tooth root and require a new bone graft undergo this procedure. This bone graft can be extracted from the patient’s own bone or bone that has been donated. The main goal of bone grafting is to support the tooth and allow it to grow normally like other teeth.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

A tiny piece of mesh-like material is usually inserted between the gum tissue and the bone during this procedure. The presence of this mesh-like material helps to prevent excessive gum growth where there is bone. This promotes healthy bone and connective tissue development.

Tissue Grafting

Tissue grafting is another surgical procedure for treating gum line recession that involves the use of soft tissue grafts. The surgeon takes tissue from one part of the body and attaches it to the damaged gum portion in this procedure. Tissue grafts are usually taken from the patient’s own mouth. Tissue grafting not only protects the gums from further damage, but it also conceals the teeth’s roots.

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Gum Surgery